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"Septic System Overview"

Your Septic system is a way to dispose of household waste and water in a sanitary fashion. Septic systems are a type of On-Site Sewage Facility. In North America approximately 25% of the population relies on septic tanks; this can include suburbs, small towns as well as rural areas. The term "septic" refers to the anaerobic bacterial environment that develops in the tank and which decomposes or mineralizes the waste discharged into the tank. While bacteria consumes most of this matter, some of it is not biodegradable and must be pumped out when the tank is full. Periodic preventive maintenance is required to remove the irreducible solids which settle and gradually fill the tank, reducing its efficiency. It is important that you perform preventive maintenance on your Septic Tank/System. A properly maintained system, can last for decades and possibly a lifetime. Brothers Johnson, Inc. Septic Systems is here to help YOU in ensuring proper and efficient maintenance of your Septic System.

Warning Signals:

  • Sluggishness when flushing toilet.
  • Any plumbing backups.
  • Gurgling sounds in the plumbing.
  • Grass in the yard growing faster and greener in one particular area.
  • Ground mush underfoot.
  • Obnoxious odors inside or outside.
  • Low spots beginning to appear in yard, whether or not any of the above symptoms have occurred.

 

Do?s:

  • Know the location and capacity of your septic tank system.
  • Have a qualified company, like Brothers Johnson, Inc. Septic System, inspect your tank every three years.
  • Have your tank pumped when the combined depth of the sludge and scum equals 1/3 of the tank liquid volume.
  • Grow grass or small plants above the system.
  • Install water conservation fixtures or devices to reduce the total volume of water entering the system.
  • Keep plumbing fixtures such as toilets and faucets in good repair to prevent leakage/wasting of water.

Preventive Problems:

  • Excessive dumping of cooking oils and grease into your septic tank, it may  cause the inlet drains to block. Oils and grease are often difficult to degrade and can cause odor problems and difficulties with the periodic emptying.

  • Flushing non-biodegradable items such as cigarette butts and hygiene products such as sanitary towels and cotton buds will rapidly fill or clog a septic tank; these materials should not be disposed of in this way.

  • The use of garbage disposers for disposal of waste food can cause a rapid overload of the system and early failure.

  • Certain chemicals may damage the working of a septic tank, especially pesticides, herbicides, materials with high concentrations of bleach or caustic soda (lye) or any other inorganic materials such as paints or solvents.

  • Roots from trees and shrubbery growing above the tank or the drain field may clog and or rupture them.

  • Playgrounds and storage buildings may cause damage to a tank and the drainage field. In addition, covering the drainage field with an impervious surface, such as a driveway or parking area, will seriously affect its efficiency and possibly damage the tank and absorption system.

  • Excessive water entering the system will overload it and cause it to fail. Checking for plumbing leaks and practicing water conservation will help the system's operation.

  • Historically at least not all varieties of toliet paper were suitable for disposal in a septic tank as they did not deteriorate sufficiently (or, at least at somepoints in history, some toliet paper was specifically marked as suitable.


 

Brothers' Johnson, Inc. Septic Service 
1925 Laveille Road, Port Republic, MD 20676-2015
Phone: 410-586-2800 or 301-855-9217:Fax: 410-586-3367  
 
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